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Ammendments to the European Parliament’s proposed Arctic policy relating to oil drilling
Paragraph 13 Calls on the Member States to ban fossil fuel subsidies that lower the cost of fossil fuel energy production, with a view to discouraging the exploitation and use of fossil fuels; urges the Commission and the Member States to work in international fora towards a future total ban on the extraction of Arctic oil and gas in order to achieve the goal of a low-carbon economy;
Paragraph 14 Calls on the EU to promote strict precautionary regulatory standards in the field of environmental protection and safety for oil exploration, prospection and production internationally; calls for a ban on oil drilling in the icy Arctic waters of the EU and the EEA and for promotion by the EU of comparable precautionary standards in the Arctic Council and for Arctic coastal states;
Paragraph 41 Stresses that Arctic waters are vulnerable to the offshore drilling of fossil fuels, use of which will contribute and accelerate the climate change threatening the region; is of the view that the EU must cooperate with international partners to put an end to offshore drilling in the Arctic waters;
When discussing Britain’s post-EU future (before Theresa May, the prime minister, made it clear what ‘Brexit’ actually meant), it was often suggested that London consider a model based on Norway’s relationship with the EU.
While such an arrangement would have allowed Britain to retain access to Europe’s single market (one of its important goals), the Norwegians warned that their arrangement means accepting all legislation from Brussels without having any say in how it was formulated.
Strictly speaking, this is the case. As it turns out, it is not always for a lack of trying.
As the European Parliament prepares to vote on its Arctic strategy on Tuesday, March 14, what has become the most controversial issue in a piece of legislation that appears to have broad support in Brussels, are efforts by Norwegian lawmakers and business lobbies to get MEPs to strike wording in the text that recommends the EU work against drilling for oil in Arctic waters.
A series of letters (a number of which have been obtained by Energy Desk, a website maintained by Greenpeace, a conservancy), sent on the same day and using similar working, point to three paragraphs (at right), out of a final total of 66, it would like to see struck.
The paragraphs were among the 400 changes suggested while the bill was making its way through committee earlier this year. The paragraphs call for specific actions against off-shore oil drilling in the Arctic, but they are mildly worded.
EU lawmakers reckon that, regardless of how forcefully parliament raises its voice in the matter, such measures are symbolic, and would be unlikely to sway the European Commission, the EU’s executive branch, in its dealings with the region.
The Norwegian groups, however, worry that, even without an official effect, it will sway public opinion against Barents Sea drilling.
“The differences in conditions between the Arctic coast of Canada and the Arctic coast of Norway call for different sets of regulations to address the right conditions. The Arctic is not one similar place with uniform conditions throughout,” a letter from Nordic-IN, a pan-Nordic trade confederation, states.
Such fears are not groundless: the Inuit, despite having their seal products permitted for sale in Europe by an exemption to EU regulations that otherwise outlaw them, have seen their livelihoods collapse. Inuit communities say few consumers know of the exemption, and, even if they did, it is of little use, since they ban has made sealskin unfashionable.
Other letter-senders, among them Eirik Sivertsen, a Norwegian MP and chair of the Council of Parliamentarians of the Arctic Region, a group made up legislators from all eight Arctic countries, suggest that, by taking a position on Arctic offshore drilling, the EU is overreaching its authority, given that it is not an Arctic coastal state.
As a representative from the North Norway European Office told Energy Desk: “Just as the Norwegian oil industry should not guide the EU’s policies, the EU should not guide Norwegian regional development.”
Norxit may not be an option Oslo can threaten, but drill-it looks to be an idea the Norwegians believe is an idea worth banding together to lobby for.